Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh

Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh

Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh are not just a country of rich cultural heritage but also of diverse wildlife, prominently represented by the royal Bengal tiger. Declared the national animal in 1971, this majestic predator symbolizes the nation’s strength, courage, and pride. With their unique striped coats and formidable presence, Bengal tigers roam the Sundarbans and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, playing a crucial role in the ecosystem.

Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh

Bangladesh, a country adorned with rivers, hills, and verdant landscapes, is not just a testament to natural beauty but also a sanctuary for a diverse range of flora and fauna. Nestled in the heart of South Asia, this nation offers a mosaic of ecosystems, from the lush Sundarbans mangrove forest, home to the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger, to the serene beauty of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, housing myriad species of birds, mammals, and reptiles. Wildlife and national parks in Bangladesh are pivotal in conservation efforts, providing refuge to 138 species of threatened mammals, 566 bird species, and a plethora of other creatures facing the brink of extinction due to overexploitation and habitat degradation.

Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh
Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh

The Official National Animal of Bangladesh

The Royal Bengal Tiger, an emblem of strength, fearlessness, and royal charisma, was rightfully chosen as the national animal of Bangladesh in 1971. Roaming the dense forests of the Sundarbans and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, these solitary predators are a sight to behold. Their striking orange fur, adorned with dark stripes, makes each tiger unique. Despite their awe-inspiring presence, Bengal tigers face the threats of poaching and habitat loss, pushing them towards the edge of extinction.

The National Bird of Bangladesh

The magpie robin, with its enchanting melodies and intelligent aura, stands as the national bird of Bangladesh. This bird is a symbol of joy and good luck, thriving in both the rural and urban settings of the country. The glossy black and white plumage of the magpie robin makes it easily distinguishable among the avian community, while its diet helps control the insect population, demonstrating the interconnectedness of Bangladesh’s ecosystem.

Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Bangladesh

For those eager to immerse in the wildlife of Bangladesh, the country offers several sanctuaries that are a testament to its rich biodiversity. Lawachara National Park, Satchari National Park, and Rema-Kalenga Reserved Forest stand out as prime locations. These parks are not just about the verdant landscapes but are also home to unique species such as the Hoolock gibbons, Phayre’s leaf monkeys, and the rare black giant squirrels, offering glimpses into the country’s efforts to preserve its natural heritage.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Bangladesh

While the wildlife in Bangladesh enchants with its beauty and diversity, it also hosts species that command respect and caution. Among them, the Russell’s viper and the king cobra are notable for their venomous potential, capable of causing serious harm or even death. These creatures, residing in the dense vegetation and marshlands, serve as crucial components of the ecological balance, despite the dangers they pose.

Rarest Animals in Bangladesh

In the realm of rarity, the Bengal tiger, the greater adjutant stork, and the Asian elephant are Bangladesh’s most precious wildlife treasures. Critically endangered, these species mirror the fragile state of wildlife conservation, battling against the odds of poaching and habitat destruction. Their survival is crucial, not just for biodiversity but for maintaining ecological equilibrium.

The National Bird of Bangladesh

The magpie robin, known locally for its melodious tunes and intelligent nature, holds the title of Bangladesh’s national bird. These birds, with their distinct black and white plumage, are a common sight, symbolizing joy and good fortune across rural and urban settings.

Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s commitment to conservation is evident in its 17 national parks and numerous wildlife sanctuaries. Lawachara National Park, Satchari National Park, and Rema-Kalenga Reserved Forest are just a few examples where one can witness the country’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage.

Largest Animals in Bangladesh

The Asian Elephant, Royal Bengal Tiger, and the Gaur are not only the largest but also among the most majestic animals in Bangladesh, each telling a story of survival and adaptation.

Endangered Animals in Bangladesh

The plight of endangered species in Bangladesh, such as the wild water buffalo and the fishing cat, underscores the challenges of habitat loss and poaching, demanding immediate and concerted conservation actions.

Conservation Efforts and National Parks

Bangladesh’s extensive network of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including Altadighi, Bhawal, and Kaptai, are critical in the fight against biodiversity loss, offering a refuge for the country’s wildlife.

Challenges Facing Bangladesh’s Wildlife

The battle against deforestation and habitat degradation is ongoing. Bangladesh faces significant challenges in preserving its natural heritage, yet hope remains with increased awareness and conservation initiatives.


The wildlife and national parks of Bangladesh are treasures that require our collective efforts to protect. Through conservation and sustainable practices, we can ensure these natural wonders remain for generations to come.

FAQs of Wildlife And National Parks in Bangladesh

  1. What is the national animal of Bangladesh?

    • The Bengal tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh, symbolizing the country’s strength and pride.
  2. Can you visit national parks in Bangladesh?

    • Yes, many national parks in Bangladesh are open to visitors, offering a glimpse into the country’s rich biodiversity.
  3. What are the main threats to wildlife in Bangladesh?

    • Deforestation, habitat loss, and poaching are the main threats to wildlife in Bangladesh.
  4. How many national parks are there in Bangladesh?

    • Bangladesh is home to 17 national parks, each serving as a sanctuary for various species.
  5. What can I do to help conserve wildlife in Bangladesh?

    • Supporting conservation efforts, advocating for sustainable practices, and spreading awareness are effective ways to help conserve wildlife in Bangladesh.
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